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Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy

Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapist (REBT) in Mumbai - Dr Sharmila Dhobale

Origin of REBT Therapy

Aaron T. Beck, MD. Dr. Beck is globally recognized as the father of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT). Later REBT was devised by the psychologist Albert Ellis beginning in the mid-1950s.

CBT is based on the psychological construct that individuals’ interpretations of situations influence their reaction (emotional, behavioural, physiological), more so than the situation itself. Further, people’s interpretations may be distorted, inaccurate or unhelpful, particularly when psychopathology is present. These interpretations, termed “automatic thoughts”, are often linked to maladaptive underlying beliefs that individuals have about themselves, other people, the world, or the future. Dr. Beck found that when he helped his patients evaluate and change their distorted thinking, they felt better and were able to modify their behaviour. When he helped them evaluate and change their underlying beliefs, their improvement was long-lasting.

Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapist in Mumbai

What is REBT therapy?

REBT focuses mostly on the present time to help a person understand how unhealthy thoughts and beliefs create emotional distress which, in turn, leads to unhealthy actions and behaviours that interfere with your life and goals. The guiding principles of REBT therapy state that an activating event triggers a person’s irrational thoughts or beliefs. Their beliefs can then result in consequences, including negative emotions or maladaptive behaviours, such as procrastination.

A therapist can help a person understand that the activating event does not cause the consequences. Rather, it is the person’s beliefs, thoughts, and feelings about the event that lead to their negative reaction.

REBT operates by altering what therapists refer as the ABCDEs of CBT. The goal is to adjust the negative beliefs associated with an event or action to change the consequences of the actions.

The ABCDE principles stand for:

  • A: An activating situation or event that triggers a negative response or reaction.
  • B: Belief or thought about the event that is negative or irrational.
  • C:  Consequences of the belief or thought, which often include negative emotions or behaviors.
  • D: Dispute, when you dispute or question these beliefs
  • E: Effective behaviour, when you have resisted irrational beliefs and have changed your behaviour.

How REBT therapy helps Individual?

The end goal is to replace irrational beliefs with rational beliefs. In doing so, the consequences of the activating event become positive and constructive, thus helping them restructure how they respond to events.

REBT is a process in which the therapist teaches the client how to identify irrational beliefs, dispute them, and replace them with rational ones. Once the client is equipped with healthy beliefs, emotional difficulties and problematic behaviour are abated.

What to expect from REBT Therapy Sessions?

Issues like panic disorders, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, PTSD-posttraumatic stress disorder, eating disorders, couples’ problems, anger and hostility, psychosis, and other mental health problems can be treated with REBT.

It was also successfully applied to children, adolescents, adults, and older adults in a variety of settings, including hospitals, outpatient clinics, residential placements, schools, and prisons.

Dr Sharmila Dhobale is Certified REBT Therapist in Mumbai

She is also Qualified NLP, Family Constellation, Transpersonal Regression, Rebirthing Breathwork and Inner Child Work Therapist in Mumbai. She is also a Clinical Hypnotherapist in Mumbai. She has been conducting workshops on various subjects of her forte since 30 years in the corporate, educational and public sectors addressing their physical, mental and emotional issues. She incorporates all the knowledge and experience of diverse fields and the scientific approach of Spirituality and Metaphysics for the benefit of her client’s lives’ while creating stability and astonishing growth.

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